Emprunts et alternance codique dans la presse marocaine d'expression française, Thèse de doctorat en Sciences du langage, Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, 2014.

Abstract : The present research work is set in the context of language contact in a multilingual environment. Our basic assumption was that the French language in Morocco is influenced by English, as it is in France, but it was also assumed that the French language in Morocco is influenced by local languages. This research aims to demonstrate and illustrate the linguistic interactions in a complex sociolinguistic context, along with the general tendency to borrow lexical material from English. Corpus linguistic, sociolinguistic and borrowing studies methods were drawn on to form an appropriate methodological framework to achieve this objective. The study is based on a large corpus composed of all the articles from one year of a French-language Moroccan newspaper. Borrowings and codeswitching were focused on as traces of linguistic influences in this corpus. The analysis of the corpus shows the quantitative impact of English, standard Arabic and Moroccan Arabic on French as used in Morocco, highlighting the way journalists borrow words and switch between these languages. This analysis was then used to draw up a typology to study the integration of borrowings and codeswitching on the grammatical and discourse level. The question of the reasons for using borrowings and codeswitching was also addressed. It is shown that communicative strategies can be achieved by making specific language choices, especially when the journalist uses French-Moroccan Arabic codeswitching. The corpus data confirm the findings of research on bilingualism, about language mixing related to a bilingual situation. More precisely, it is observed that the journalists use “local” words and expressions, through arabisms and codeswitching with Arabic, while the high number of anglicisms indicates the presence of “international” items.
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Najet Boutmgharine. Emprunts et alternance codique dans la presse marocaine d'expression française, Thèse de doctorat en Sciences du langage, Université Paris Diderot-Paris 7, 2014.. Linguistique. Université Paris Diderot Paris 7, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-01107413⟩

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