Des coolies aux Chinois d’outre-mer : la question des migrations dans les relations sino-américaines (années 1850-1890)

Abstract : The Bayard-Zhang Treaty represents a watershed in Sino-American relations on immigration. This paper evaluates Chinese records in dealing with immigration controversies during the period 1888 through 1894, reviewing Zhang Yinghua's active role in the definition of migration policy for China. Although many historians call the Bayard-Zhang Treaty a fiasco, the Chinese minister did his best under the given circumstances. But in Guangdong, for the first time, a relatively broad spectrum of Chinese businessmen, coolies, and others organized popular opposition to the new treaty and US-Chinese exclusion laws. This paper provides an internal Chinese perspective on this emigration issue, based on these Chinese actors viewed through the discussions about the Bayard-Zhang Treaty. It suggests new attention for political grounds for emigration, versus economic and financial grounds, in the Chinese imperial emigration policy-making process in the late 19th century
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https://hal-univ-diderot.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02137814
Contributor : Eric Guerassimoff <>
Submitted on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 12:01:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 24, 2019 - 1:40:35 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02137814, version 1

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Eric Guerassimoff. Des coolies aux Chinois d’outre-mer : la question des migrations dans les relations sino-américaines (années 1850-1890). Annales. Histoire, Sciences sociales, Armand Colin, 2006, Histoire politique des populations, 61e année (1), pp.63-98. ⟨hal-02137814⟩

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