Thermal motion of a nonlinear localized pattern in a quasi-one-dimensional system

Abstract : We study the dynamics of localized nonlinear patterns in a quasi-one-dimensional many-particle system near a subcritical pitchfork bifurcation. The normal form at the bifurcation is given and we show that these patterns can be described as solitary-wave envelopes. They are stable in a large temperature range and can diffuse along the chain of interacting particles. During their displacements the particles are continually redistributed on the envelope. This change of particle location induces a small modulation of the potential energy of the system, with an amplitude that depends on the transverse confinement. At high temperature, this modulation is irrelevant and the thermal motion of the localized patterns displays all the characteristics of a free quasiparticle diffusion with a diffusion coefficient that may be deduced from the normal form. At low temperature, significant physical effects are induced by the modulated potential. In particular, the localized pattern may be trapped at very low temperature. We also exhibit a series of confinement values for which the modulation amplitudes vanishes. For these peculiar confinements, the mean-square displacement of the localized patterns also evidences free-diffusion behavior at low temperature.
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Tommy Dessup, Christophe Coste, Michel Saint Jean. Thermal motion of a nonlinear localized pattern in a quasi-one-dimensional system. Physical Review E , American Physical Society (APS), 2016, 94, pp.12217 - 12217. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.94.012217⟩. ⟨hal-01404788⟩

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