The importance of prescriptivism in the development of 'schemes for respelling' in eighteenth-century pronouncing dictionaries

Abstract : This paper will give an overview of the role of prescriptivism in the evolution of phonic descriptions in eighteenth-century English pronouncing dictionaries. First, we will show how the prescriptive attitudes of orthoepists during this period led them to adopt increasingly detailed and precise transcription systems, and second, how this same prescriptivism, informed by graphocentrism, influenced these systems as well as the individual transcriptions. Our aim is to establish that the prescriptive tendencies that hardened in eighteenth-century England (during the period which saw the rise of what would come to be known as Received Pronunciation) served both as a catalyst for a more systematic approach to describing spoken language, and as a shortcoming of the actual respellings. This is linked to prescriptivism as a tool for social demarcation, and a pedagogical necessity, but also as the hallmark of the traditional, accretive approach to knowledge, of which graphocentric bias is one example.
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Francesc Feliu; Josep Maria Nadal. IX Col·loqui Internacional «Problemes i Mètodes d'Història de la Llengua»: La construcció de les llengües: Mites, Normes i Emocions (9th International Conference: Problems and Methods in the history of Language, "Norms, myths and emotions"), Jun 2013, Girona, Spain. John Benjamins Publishing Company, IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, pp.131-144, 2016, 〈https://benjamins.com/#catalog/books/ivitra.13/main〉
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https://hal-univ-diderot.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01378529
Contributeur : Véronique Pouillon <>
Soumis le : lundi 10 octobre 2016 - 17:14:16
Dernière modification le : vendredi 31 août 2018 - 10:40:49

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  • HAL Id : hal-01378529, version 1

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Véronique Pouillon. The importance of prescriptivism in the development of 'schemes for respelling' in eighteenth-century pronouncing dictionaries. Francesc Feliu; Josep Maria Nadal. IX Col·loqui Internacional «Problemes i Mètodes d'Història de la Llengua»: La construcció de les llengües: Mites, Normes i Emocions (9th International Conference: Problems and Methods in the history of Language, "Norms, myths and emotions"), Jun 2013, Girona, Spain. John Benjamins Publishing Company, IVITRA Research in Linguistics and Literature, pp.131-144, 2016, 〈https://benjamins.com/#catalog/books/ivitra.13/main〉. 〈hal-01378529〉

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