Contraintes typologiques dans l’acquisition d’une langue étrangère : L’expression du mouvement chez les apprenants russophones du français

Abstract : This study examines the impact of typological constraints on foreign language acquisition exploring the hypothesis of conceptual transfer from first to foreign language. Based on Talmy’s (2000) distinction between Verb- and Satellite-framed languages, analyses compare descriptions of voluntary motion events along three paths (UP, DOWN, ACROSS) elicited in a controlled situation among Russian learners of French (beginners, advanced) and native speakers (Russian, French). Results show that French natives mostly express Path in verbs (V-pattern), but also lexicalize Path-and-Manner (mixed pattern for UP), while Russian natives use verbs to express Manner (S-pattern), Path (V-pattern) or both (mixed). Despite idiosyncrasies, the learners at both proficiency levels show little L1>FL transfer, overall using frequent Path verbs, but only rarely lexicalizing Path-and-Manner. Uses of expressions outside of the verb do not follow the patterns of either L1 or FL. The discussion focuses on different factors that might interact with typological constraints in FL acquisition.
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Tatiana Iakovleva, Maya Hickmann. Contraintes typologiques dans l’acquisition d’une langue étrangère : L’expression du mouvement chez les apprenants russophones du français. Langages, Armand Colin (Larousse jusqu'en 2003), 2012, 188 (4), pp.41-57. ⟨10.3917/lang.188.0041⟩. ⟨hal-01247795⟩

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