Les Collocations et la construction du savoir scientifique

Abstract : We claim here that collocation constitutes an essential process in the construction of scientific ideas. While corpus analysis in lexicography has established the importance of idiom in the language as a whole (Sinclair 1991), less attention has been paid to the analysis of phraseology in specialist texts outside the world of terminology. We examine here the phraseology of two grammatical items and two lexical items in 150 cancer texts and set out their changing collocational patterns throughout the research article genre. We find that phraseology has a pervasive role to play in the argumentation and scientific validity of the text. The pervasive regularity of these expressions remain largely unknown to the writers who use them, suggesting that domain specialisation in language is a largely subconscious phenomenon. At the same time, phraseology gives coherence to the community’s means of expression and allows for a backdrop against which new expressions may be contrasted. We emphasise the role of phraseology in the discourse community, its role in the textual development of ideas and its possible ‘genetic’ function in the evolution of scientific discourse.
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Christopher Gledhill. Les Collocations et la construction du savoir scientifique. ASp - La revue du GERAS, revue.org (en ligne) / Bordeaux : GERAS (imprimé), 1997, 15/18, pp.85-104. ⟨hal-01220322⟩

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