Le « Cycle de la Culture » de Iain M. Banks : l’utopie hors de l’île

Abstract : Iain M. Banks is a science-fiction author, original and bold. Aware of the dangers linked with the concept of Utopia, he manages to play with its limits and set up a brand new utopian society. Called the Culture, this revolutionary society breaks with the utopian and science-fiction traditions, overflows the frames commonly accepted and radicalizes both political and literary utopias. Iain M. Banks plays with Space, Time, Politics, Norm and Revolution. The boldness of his imagination allows him to create a paradoxical society which could well be the solution to the dangerous ambiguities that we blame Utopia for. The Culture is subversion : in itself it is questioning, transgressive creation, infinite and conflictual openness. How can Utopia be singularly invested again ? Why Utopia must constantly break with what tends to fixate/freeze ? Is there a future for Utopia ? How can Utopia be dissensual ? How does science-fiction express a radical disagreement worthy of a philosophical interest ? One of the solutions the Culture embodies to end the anti-utopian discourse is a brand new proximity with the Other.
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Alice Carabedian. Le « Cycle de la Culture » de Iain M. Banks : l’utopie hors de l’île. Encyclo. Revue de l'école doctorale ED 382, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2014, pp.129-144. ⟨hal-01158309⟩

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