Ernst Bloch, du temps messianique à l’utopie concrète

Abstract : This article reflects on the temporal discontinuity attached to the notion of utopia through a study of Ernst Bloch’s philosophy. In his early writings, the German thinker builds a « system of theoretical Messianism », which appears as a harsh critique of the ideology of progress and its vision of time as homogeneous, continuous and linear. The utopian future is then conceived as qualitatively different from the present and impossible to foresee. In The Principe of Hope, the influence of historical materialism inflects Bloch’s vision of time. Utopia becomes « concrete utopia », an attempt to actualize certain tendencies that already operate in the world. The future is no longer estranged from the present, but appears as its continuation and contestation: in other words, as its dialectical overcoming.
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Sébastien Broca. Ernst Bloch, du temps messianique à l’utopie concrète. Encyclo. Revue de l'école doctorale ED 382, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2014, pp.143-151. ⟨hal-01154790⟩

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