The impact of metaphorical framing on term creation in biology

Abstract : The present paper is an in-depth study of the lexical units transferred by metaphorical extension from general English to the field of biology, based on the analysis of a 20 million word corpus of scientific articles. Terminological metaphors are analysed both as keys to cognitive processes involved in scientific activity, but also as linguistic units. We examine the role metaphors play in the evolution of the discipline, as well as the process by which they are introduced, reinforced by common usage and ultimately lexicalized. The metaphorical term candidates extracted from the corpus are analysed as representing different stages in a diachronic process of lexicalization, or demetaphorising. They are classified according to the perceptual basis (similarity of shape, function or position) or to the ‘root’ conceptual metaphors on which they are built. Finally, we examine the syntactic transformations that these items undergo in the metaphorical transfer.
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Article dans une revue
Terminology, 2011, 17 (2), pp.198-223. 〈https://benjamins.com/#catalog/journals/term/main〉
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https://hal-univ-diderot.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01135027
Contributeur : Natalie Kübler <>
Soumis le : mardi 24 mars 2015 - 15:46:49
Dernière modification le : mardi 11 octobre 2016 - 13:49:54

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  • HAL Id : hal-01135027, version 1

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Alexandra Volanschi, Natalie Kübler. The impact of metaphorical framing on term creation in biology. Terminology, 2011, 17 (2), pp.198-223. 〈https://benjamins.com/#catalog/journals/term/main〉. 〈hal-01135027〉

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