La pratique socratique de Hannah Arendt et Leo Strauss

Abstract : Both Hannah Arendt and Leo Strauss describe our epoch as a time of political, moral and intellectual crisis. Unprecedented events and the incapacity of the inherited categories to comprehend them lead the authors into a quest for new ways of understanding the present. They both consider that the breach of the thread of tradition can liberate our thought and this idea guides them to a reinterpretation of the political and intellectual history of our civilization. Thus, Arendt and Strauss resort to the figure of Socrates in order to rethink the origins of tradition and to uncover new significations and tools in western history. Yet, while Socrates is a model for both authors, the meaning of his life is understood differently. This divergence is eloquent regarding the distance between their points of view. In this article I use the different interpretations of Socrates to compare the thoughts of Arendt and Strauss. Even if they understand Socrates' heritage in a radically different manner, both find a similar teaching: a practice rather than a comprehensive theory.
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Maria Dolores Amat Cordeu. La pratique socratique de Hannah Arendt et Leo Strauss. Encyclo. Revue de l'école doctorale ED 382, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2013, pp.159-173. ⟨hal-00944201⟩

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