Nicolas FERRY dit" BÉBÉ ", (1741-1764) nain à la cour du Roi Stanislas LESZCZYNSKl, Duc de Lorraine, Lunéville

Abstract : We are studying the skeleton, in erected posture, of the famous dwarf harmonious Nicolas Ferry. He was offered to the National Museum of Natural History in Paris in 1764 by Stanislas Leszczynski, Duke of Lorraine and Bar, to be studied. Since then, he is kept in the collections of the Museum, the Musée de l'Homme (Paris). We were hoping to compare his dwarfism with that of the island of Flores discovered in 2003. Nicolas Ferry was 5 years old when Stanislas gathered at the Luneville in 1741. Stanislas was nicknamed Bébé, introducing this term in the French language. History of Bébé is amazing and this article discusses in the party. After his death in 1764, at age 23, Buffon received his bones. He has measured and assembled the skeleton. Our study of the skeleton is complete descriptive anatomical, physiological and paléopathologic. We show that Bébé was not a pituitary dwarf thought as researchers have observed, it would be a rare orphan disease, genetic in origin, dwarfism in early intrauterine, that only an analysis of DNA could prove. This study of Bébé confirms that the volume of the brain has no influence on cognitive abilities.
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Jean Granat, Evelyne Peyre. Nicolas FERRY dit" BÉBÉ ", (1741-1764) nain à la cour du Roi Stanislas LESZCZYNSKl, Duc de Lorraine, Lunéville. 2008. ⟨hal-00734574⟩

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