LE "NAIN" NICOLAS FERRY, DIT BÉBÉ, (COUR DE STANISLAS LESZCZYNSKI, LUNÉVILLE, LORRAINE, 18E SIÈCLE). ÉTUDE HISTORIQUE, ANTHROPOLOGIQUE ET PALÉOPATHOLOGIQUE

Abstract : ln 2003 and 2004. the discovery in Liang Bua (is[and of Flores) o./small-hodied JlOmininfossils interested the scientific communi/y. The best presel'ved o.f the 9 specimens is called LB 1. The skeleton. in Ilpright posture, ofa hannonious dWOIf was o.ffered 10 Ihe lvillséllm Nalional d'Hi.i*toire Na/llrellc in Paris. in 1764. l~v Slanisl(J.~ Lesz(,zYlISky, Ihe Duc of Bar and Lorraine fol' SIU(~V, Since then il has been preserved in Tlie collections o.l/v/usélllll National d'Histoire Nalurelle, Musée de l'Homme (PaI*is). We undertook study oihis skclelOlI and compared ils dl1'mjism wilh Ihat of LBI. This dWalfwas called Nicolas Feny. When his was 5 years old. he wus lakcl1 in by Slanislas Les:;c~YII.l'ki jn Luneville, and became afigllre ofthe caurI. Slanislas nicknamed him " Bébé ", crealing Ihis l1ame in Ihe French language. The His(ory ofBébé is amazing and Ihis artic/e in porI makes re/erenee 10 {hat. After his death ill 1764" al the age of23. , His c1eaned bones were received b~ who measured (hem and assembled Ihé skelelOlI. Our SIIId,Y' of Ihe complete skeleton is biometric, descriplive. analomo.:. physiological and paleopathologic. We shml 1/101 Bébé \l'aS 1101 (ln hypophysis dlVOIf as was IhOllght by Ihe researchers who saw him. He was carrying a rare disease v/genetie origin, dWOIjism of Î11Ira-uterine origil1 and premaTure senility, that only a éffl DNA ana~l'sis could COI?/iI'lI1. LBI and Bébé conjirm tholthe volume oflhe brain does nol have any influence on the cognitive capacities. The sllld.yofthe dwmjism ofBéhé enabled liS 10 consider (hal SC)}lIe assumplion.s pLl/fonvardas ta Ihe origin ofLB 1 did 1101 seem lalil.
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Jean Granat, Evelyne Peyre. LE "NAIN" NICOLAS FERRY, DIT BÉBÉ, (COUR DE STANISLAS LESZCZYNSKI, LUNÉVILLE, LORRAINE, 18E SIÈCLE). ÉTUDE HISTORIQUE, ANTHROPOLOGIQUE ET PALÉOPATHOLOGIQUE. Biom hum. el Amhropol., 2007, 25 (1-2), pp.247-277. Granat J., Le " nain" Nicolas Fcrry dit Bébé. ⟨hal-00730374⟩

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