L'affaire de la calandre de Tours au XVIIIe siècle, de l'acquisition à l'embarras (XVIIIe-XIXe siècles)

Abstract : Technical competition between England and France during the eighteenth century is illustrated by the French attempt to acquire the moire technology from the English. The mechanic Jacques Vaucanson was requested to devise a machine that would compete with English calenders. Vaucanson's machine presented several imperfections, so the head of the board of trade, Daniel Charles Trudaine, sent abroad messengers to collect information and samples and to recruit a worker capable of making a calender for Lyons: John Badger. Owing to this success and the good quality of fabrics, the town of Tours hired Humphrey Badger, a relative of John Badger's. His living conditions were clearly worse than his colleague's. Expenses and rent were higher and he had to submit to prices fixed by silk manufacturers. Later on, he suffered from the fall in production due to the Revolution. His descendants, the Meusnier Badgers, faced similar problems: expenses, rent and the denial of property rights on the calender. The calender was bought out by the town and sold to the General Hospice of Tours. It was not exactly a sale, rather a way of dispensing with the machine although the local Chamber of commerce did not want to destroy it. When the moire fashion faded, the machine was abandoned.
Keywords : Calander silk
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Journal articles
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Emilie Ballon. L'affaire de la calandre de Tours au XVIIIe siècle, de l'acquisition à l'embarras (XVIIIe-XIXe siècles). Encyclo. Revue de l'école doctorale ED 382, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2012, p.37-56. ⟨hal-00725881⟩

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